Variable Types - QB64 Wiki

Variable Types

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QB64 uses more variable types than Qbasic ever did. The variable type determines the size of values that numerical variables can hold.


Numerical types
 Type Name Type suffix symbol Minimum value Maximum value Size in Bytes
_BIT ` -1 0 1/8
_BIT * n `n -128 127 n/8
_UNSIGNED _BIT ~` 0 1 1/8
_BYTE  %% -128 127 1
_UNSIGNED _BYTE ~%% 0 255 1
INTEGER  % -32,768 32,767 2
_UNSIGNED INTEGER ~% 0 65,535 2
LONG & -2,147,483,648 2,147,483,647 4
_UNSIGNED LONG ~& 0 4,294,967,295 4
_INTEGER64 && -9,223,372,036,854,775,808 9,223,372,036,854,775,807 8
_UNSIGNED _INTEGER64 ~&& 0 18,446,744,073,709,551,615 8
SINGLE  ! or none -2.802597E-45 +3.402823E+38 4
DOUBLE # -4.490656458412465E-324 +1.797693134862310E+308 8
_FLOAT ## -1.18E−4932 +1.18E+4932 32(10 used)
_OFFSET  %& -9,223,372,036,854,775,808 9,223,372,036,854,775,807 Use LEN
_UNSIGNED _OFFSET ~%& 0 18,446,744,073,709,551,615 Use LEN
_MEM none combined memory variable type N/A Use LEN
 
Note: For the floating-point numeric types SINGLE (default when not assigned), DOUBLE and _FLOAT, the minimum values represent the smallest values closest to zero, while the maximum values represent the largest values closest to ±infinity. OFFSET dot values are used as a part of the _MEM variable type in QB64 to return or set the position in memory.


String text type
      Type Name       Type suffix symbol Minimum length Maximum length Size in Bytes
STRING $            0               2,147,483,647 Use LEN
STRING * n $n         1       2,147,483,647 n


Note: For the fixed-length string type STRING * n, where n is an integer length value from 1 (one) to 2,147,483,647.

If no suffix is used and no DEFxxx or _DEFINE command has been used and the variable hasn't been DIMmed the default variable type is SINGLE. _MEM and _OFFSET variable types cannot be cast to other variable types!


All types dealing with number values are signed as a default. The symbol to define unsigned variables is ~ and is used just before the type suffix (~` is _UNSIGNED _BIT, ~%% is _UNSIGNED _BYTE, etc.).


SINGLE, DOUBLE and _FLOAT floating decimal point values cannot be _UNSIGNED!


Defining variable types:

DIM variable AS type
_DEFINE range1-range2 AS value_type
DEFINT range1-range2
DEFLNG range1-range2
DEFSNG range1-range2
DEFDBL range1-range2

Where range1 and range2 are the range of first letters to be defined as the default type when the variable is having no suffix and are not otherwise defined, the starting letter of the variable then defines the type as specified by the DEFxxx and _DEFINE statements. The QB64 types can only be defaulted using _DEFINE.

type can be any of the types listed at the top and can also be preceeded with _UNSIGNED for the unsigned version of the type.

variable is the name of the variable to be defined in the DIM statement.


More information:

More information on this page: Data types




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